the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (in Irish: Comhaontú Aoine à Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste); Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance),  is a couple of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that has emerged since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s. Northern Ireland`s current system of de decentralised government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, as well as between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament annulled the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial rights to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. Issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and police work were at the heart of the agreement. 1. We, the participants in the multi-stakeholder negotiations, believe that the agreement we have negotiated offers a truly historic opportunity to make a fresh start. 12.
Any development of these agreements shall be carried out in agreement with the Council and with the special agreement of the Assembly of Northern Ireland and the Oireachtas, subject to the scope of the powers and competences of both administrations. Stefan Wolff studied at the University of Leipzig. He received an MPhil from the University of Cambridge and a PhD from the London School of Economics. He currently holds the Chair of Political Science at the University of Nottingham. In a context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful ways to resolve disputes over political issues.” This requires two aspects: 5. We recognise the essential differences between our persistent and equally legitimate political aspirations. However, we will endeavour, in all practical respects, to seek reconciliation and rapprochement within the framework of democratic and agreed agreements. We are committed to working in good faith to ensure the success of each of the agreements to be concluded under this agreement. It is recognised that all institutional and constitutional arrangements – an Assembly in Northern Ireland, a North-South Council of Ministers, implementing bodies, an Anglo-Irish Council and an Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference, as well as all amendments to the British parliamentary dossier and the Constitution of Ireland – are interdependent and interdependent and, in particular, that the functioning of the Assembly and the North/South Council is so closely linked that the success of each ep ends with that of the other.
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