The quality of each country on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be continuously monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker and the Climate Clock). However, long-term strategies can and should include future objectives for the prevention of greenhouse gases and the direct reduction of existing emissions in an economy. Countries wishing to develop a vision of an emission-free future could express it, for example, in the form of a clean energy matrix, a modern transport system using only electric vehicles, or mandates for sustainable landscape management and reversing deforestation. For long-term strategies, it is important that they send a clear signal to economic operators; whereas they offer these actors flexibility enabling them to adapt as best as possible to the defined vision; that they are realistic; reflect the long-term aspirations of all sectors of society; whereas they are consistent with policy cycles and possible changes arising from medium-term priorities; and, ultimately, that they lead the country as quickly as possible on the path to offsetting and reducing its emissions. From a national point of view, these strategies are fundamental, as they guide the short- and medium-term prospects of the political and economic cycles and provide political security for the courageous and concrete action of economic actors. At the same time, they offer countries the flexibility they offer to follow a path that does not undermine their development and poverty reduction goals, while allowing them to transform their economies. At present, 197 countries – every nation on earth, the last signatory being war-torn Syria – have adopted the Paris Agreement. Of these, 179 have consolidated their climate proposals with formal approval, including the United States for now. The only major emitting countries that have not yet formally joined the deal are Russia, Turkey and Iran. Among other things, countries need to report on their greenhouse gas inventories and progress against their targets, so that external experts can assess their success. Countries should also review their commitments by 2020 and present new targets every five years to further reduce emissions. .